How Does A Water Softener Work?

How Does A Water Softener Work?

Blog » 2016 » January » How Does A Water Softener Work?

Home water softener systems are pressurized water conditioning devices which removes calcium and magnesium ions found in hard water and replaces them with sodium ions. This process results in softening your water, enabling soaps and detergents to effectively remove dirt and oils from your dishes, clothing, skin. But how does it all work?

Basic mechanics of home water softeners are the following:

  • The body of a water softener consists of a tank loaded with resin beads, which are covered with sodium ions. When hard water courses through, the resin beads attract the calcium and magnesium ions like a magnet, exchanging them with sodium ions.
  • The resin beads then become saturated with mineral ions and are required to be “re-charged” by a process called regeneration. This is executed by the use of the control valve, which is considered the brains of the system and located at the top of the tank.
  • During the regeneration stage, brine solution flows through the resin tank, bathing the resin beads in a stream of sodium ions. These sodium ions essentially replace the concentrated calcium and magnesium ions, providing softened water throughout your entire home.
  • The brine solution carrying the displaced calcium and magnesium ions is then removed by fresh water. The resin beads can be used over and over again, creating a constant regeneration process.

If you are interested in investing in a home water softener system, contact our Fresno professional experts at (559) 282-5001 for more information.


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